the apple press sculpture in golden gate park

Apple cider press statue in Golden Gate Park by Thomas Shields-Clarke, 1892 (sketch by Heath Massey)

Apple cider press statue in Golden Gate Park by Thomas Shields-Clarke, 1892 (sketch by Heath Massey)

For some reason I always assumed this sculpture was about wine.  That muscled, bare-footed figure evokes for me a beautiful Greek god (Dionysus, Greek god of wine?).  Even on a typical foggy day in the park, he conjures a warm day in late summer, the grape harvest, abandonment to the pleasures of the vine.   Wrong!   Those are actually apples scattered around the base of the sculpture, which actually depicts a cider press.  Perhaps that’s because the sculptor, Thomas Shields-Clarke was from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania where apples are no doubt much more common than grapes, especially in 1892 when this statue was made?  It was cast in Paris though, (by Jaboeuf and Bezout) so maybe that’s where it picked up the whiff of wine?  In any case, Michael de Young and the Midwinter Fair Commission purchased it and exhibited it at the Midwinter Fair in 1894.  It was originally a drinking fountain, but the metal cup that used to be attached by a chain disappeared long ago, along with the water.

Which set me to wondering about when and where public drinking fountains were invented.  Turns out modern, sanitary drinking fountains first appeared in public spaces in this country in the early 1900s and two inventors apparently share credit.  Halsey Taylor, in Ohio, developed a fountain prototype after his father died of typhoid, which he contracted after drinking contaminated water.  Around the same time Luther Haws, a part time plumber and sanitary inspector in Berkeley, developed a faucet designed for drinking after inspecting a public school and seeing children sharing a tin cup attached to a fountain.  The Halsey Taylor Company and the Haws Company are still prominent in the public drinking fountain business.

Posted in arts, de young museum, health and safety, history, people | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

Stephen Kane’s new photo exhibit

evite_combined_card

Steve Kane has a new photo exhibit opening tonight at Canessa Gallery.  Included are many beautiful photographs of Golden Gate Park.  I will be giving a talk on “Artists in Golden Gate Park” in conjunction with this exhibit on September 24 at 7 pm.  Hope to see some of you there.

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blackbird attacks pedestrians in Golden Gate Park

Brewer's Blackbird (sketch by Heath Massey)

Brewer’s Blackbird (sketch by Heath Massey)

A fairly common bird in Golden Gate Park, the Brewer’s Blackbird (Euphagus cyanocephalus) is easily recognizable by it’s bright yellow eyes and blue-black plumage.  The iridescent blue-green sheen of the male is gorgeous in the sunlight, belying the dull-sounding “blackbird.”  Often lined up on telephone wires or flying in flocks that gracefully rise and fall, these birds are well adapted to urban parks.  But sometimes they miscalculate.     Here’s a funny video of a Brewer’s blackbird defending an ill-considered choice of real estate in Golden Gate Park (near Stow Lake).  The video was made by Mila Zinkova in June, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7qQcM9yytSI#t=27

Posted in animals, birds, wildlife | Tagged , , , , , | 6 Comments

How tall was John McLaren?

Statue of John McLaren, Golden Gate Park (sketch by Heath Massey)

Statue of John McLaren, Golden Gate Park (sketch by Heath Massey)

The statue of John McLaren in Golden Gate Park is a little bit shorter than I am  (I’m just under 5’7″).  Is it life-sized, I wonder?  Somehow I always imagined John McLaren as a major physical presence, given the stories about the fear and trembling that he induced in his gardening staff.  (see former post: http://fromthethicket.com/2010/10/09/john-mclaren/) Come to think of it, though, the man depicted in the statue, although not tall, is actually quite intimidating.  Bald and portly, with military bearing and deep-set eyes fixed on a pine cone, he seems formidable.  I would hesitate to cross him.  Obviously stature is about much more than physical size.

 

 

Posted in history, legends, people | Tagged , | 1 Comment

the bowling lawns in golden gate park

Lawn bowling in Golden Gate Park (sketch by Heath Massey)

Lawn bowling in Golden Gate Park (sketch by Heath Massey)

The bowling lawns in Golden Gate Park are vivid green and very flat, a striking backdrop to the traditional white that lawn bowlers wear on tournament days.  To me these lawns are beautiful, but they also look almost unreal, more like carpeting than grass.  And like antique carpets, they seem to be showing signs of age.  I wonder how they are constructed and what kind of maintenance is required.

A search of the literature reveals that, not unexpectedly, the design and construction of a bowling green is highly specialized.  The substrata must be perfectly graded and compacted to support the growing medium (soil) with absolutely no shifting or slumping.  A drainage system installed beneath the green removes excess water quickly.  The soil is engineered to retain water and nutrients, withstand compaction and drain well.  The surface must be 100% flat, so once the substrata is compacted and graded, the growing medium is installed in thin layers and rolled after each layer.  While hand methods were used to level the surface of bowling greens for many years, a machine mounted laser level is often used now.  The turf grass must be carefully selected not only with local environmental conditions in mind, but also to withstand the stress of frequent close cutting, compaction and high wear.   Irrigation must be designed to deliver water evenly over the surface.  Whew!

This summer the oldest bowling lawn (#1), nearest the 100-year-old Club House, is undergoing renovation.  It’s interesting to watch the process and it will be great to see the results.  The scope of work appears to include repairing parts of the drainage and irrigation, replacing the rotting wood edging that surrounds the green (with concrete), adding new ADA walkways, repairing benches and fences and adding new planting to beautify the edges.  Parts of the bowling green will also be brought back to level by addition of sand (around the edges, at least).

So here is my remaining question:  What about gophers?

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aquarium’s unexpected virtue: drought tolerance – SFGate

Visitors watch the fish in the Coral Reef Exhibit in Steinhart Aquarium, a model green building. (Photo: Michael Short, The Chronicle)

Visitors watch the fish in the Coral Reef Exhibit in Steinhart Aquarium, a model green building. (Photo: Michael Short, The Chronicle)

I often wonder about the impact of the current  drought on Golden Gate Park.  Here’s an uplifting article about the water supply at the aquarium in the California Academy of Sciences.

‘The Steinhart Aquarium at the California Academy of Sciences opened at its new home six years ago with an ambitious overhaul of the way it delivers water to fish – and penguins and octopus and, of course, Claude, the popular albino alligator.Engineers laid some 10 miles of pipes and filters beneath the museum so water would be quickly and thoroughly cleaned for exhibits on coral reefs and rain forests. They also shut off an old supply line that brought dirty seawater 3 miles from Ocean Beach to the Golden Gate Park site. Now they cook up their own saltwater cocktail for the tanks.While the changes were expected to save water – a lot of water – the real payoff is coming now as the state wrestles with its worst drought in decades.”The academy is a crown jewel of how to take a structure that is historically very inefficient and a use thats very inefficient and really lead by example on how to reduce consumption,” said Benjamin Osgood, chair of the San Francisco branch of the U.S. Green Building Council.’

Read more at:   S.F. aquariums unexpected virtue: drought tolerance – SFGate.

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monterey cypress

Monterey cypress in the Botanical Garden (sketch by Heath Massey)

Monterey cypress in the Botanical Garden (sketch by Heath Massey)

If there is one iconic tree in Golden Gate Park, I think it would have to be the magnificent Monterey Cypress that stands by itself on a small knoll in the great oval lawn just inside the main gate of the Botanical Garden.   This specimen has grown to an impressive height with a gorgeous, spiky, horizontal branching pattern and the dark green, clumping foliage so characteristic of the species.  The Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa) is native to only two small groves on the Monterey peninsula, the larger grove extending about two miles north from Pebble Beach and the other at Point Lobos to the south.  But these trees adapt beautifully to foggy, coastal, wind-exposed locations and are widely planted throughout California, especially along the coast.

"Monterey Bay," Arthur Mathews (1860-1945), n.d.

“Monterey Bay,” Arthur Mathews (1860-1945), n.d.

Their wind-sculptured form has delighted artists since the nineteenth century.  Arthur Mathews springs immediately to mind, but many others have also painted these amazing trees: http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/6aa/6aa191.htm

The lower branches die as the trees mature and older cypresses naturally develop a distinctive, spreading, vase-shaped crown.  In parks and other public spaces the lower limbs are often removed for public safety, which leads to exaggerated, tall, top-heavy silhouettes that are also very beautiful.  In any case, these trees are so expressive, it’s no wonder poets also find them fascinating.  Here’s an example:

MONTEREY CYPRESS
By: John Malta

I, a cypress, in my seed
Knew the ocean was my need.
In the close and secret life
Of my core I learned that strife
Of wind and surge on thudding sand
Was for me: I must withstand
Anger from the sea that came
Farther than the western flame;
I could speak the west wind’s own
Language as it blew me down.

Windless days I grew to sea,
But wind made me grow back on me;
Where my growing changed I spread
Newer elbows round my head;
I am old and where I branch
The thews are thickened to be staunch.

Now behold I am a page,
Writ between repose and rage.
Carven to the smallest trace
The sea is in my tortured grace.
Naked bear I lettered limbs
Annotated by her hymns.

Published October 30th 1930, The Carmelite Vol. III Number 38

http://www.pointlobos.org/arts/poetry/monterey-cypress-john-malta-1930

Posted in plants, trees/urban forest | 1 Comment